Adams, John. A Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law. 1765.
WEB PRESENCE: http://founders.archives.gov/?q=%20Recipient%3A%22Adams%2C%20John%22&s=1111211111&r=1
WEB PRESENCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Adams
WEB PRESENCE: http://www.masshist.org/digitaladams/aea/index.html
“…pour jouir de la liberté, il faut que chacun puisse dire ce qu’il pense; et que, pour la conserver, il faut encore que chacun puisse dire ce qu’il pense, un citoyen, dans cet État, dirait et écrirait tout ce que les lois ne lui ont pas défendu expressément de dire ou d’écrire.“
Montesquieu, Charles de. De L’Espirit des Lois. Geneva: Barillot et Fils, 1748. Book XIX, Chapter 27
SEE (ENGLISH): http://www.constitution.org/cm/sol_19.htm#024
SEE (FRENCH): http://books.google.com/books?id=hldHAAAAYAAJ
WEB PRESENCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montesquieu
WEB PRESENCE: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/montesquieu/
WEB PRESENCE: http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/search?author=Montesquieu&amode=words
Bill of Rights. London. 1689
WEB PRESENCE: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th_century/england.asp
WEB PRESENCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_of_Rights_1689
SEE ALSO: http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/CreatingtheUS/interactives/bill_of_rights/HTML/trialbyjury/enlarge1-transcribe.html
NOTE: One needs to know the full context of this statement. This freedom is the result of a previous clause stating their argument in the document, “By causing several good subjects being Protestants to be disarmed at the same time when papists were both armed and employed contrary to law;…” Essentially, the document was requesting that Protestants receive the same right to defend themselves as Catholics. They were seeking equality.
NOTE: The English Bill of Rights is considered to be the cornerstone of the English Constitution. With the creation of the 1688/1689 English Bill of Rights we see many ideals that had been in the early stages of development come to fruition. Concepts that take written form in the U.S. Constitution’s 1st Amendment (freedom of religion, speech, and petition), the 2nd Amendment’s right to bear arms, the 5th Amendment’s due process clause, and the 7th Amendment’s trail by jury clause begin to truly materialize. It continues the concepts of limited government, equal representation, and equality before the law. It is a beautiful document.